One of the most famous Empires of the world had an interesting period aftermath the World War I. however, it would only be necessary to shed light on the incidents that happened during the period that led up to the formation of what can be called the present typical Ottoman mindset.
Mustafa Kemal who is also known as the Ataturk (and hence the origin of the related phrase) was one of the bravest soldiers of the Ottoman Turks. What many people do not know is that the Ottoman Empire secretly signed a treaty with the Germans in the month of August of the year 1914. It was popularly known as the Ottoman-German Alliance that would set a precedent to the events that would come to shake the modern world.
Russia was always the enemy state for the Ottomans and therefore to deter them, the Turks signed this secret treaty with the Germans. And back then, the Germans were one of the most feared enemies. It would further rise to instill fear and inspiration in enemy camps against the Germans in the event that led up to the World War II but that is another story! The Goeben and Breslau incident was the precursor to why Ottoman entered the World War I. Ottoman again earned the wrath of the British when it provided safe haven to two Germans ships that would surely be lost to them had the Ottomans not come in between. That upset the already angry imperial forces further against the Ottoman Empire.
When Ottoman Entered the World War I
When this Empire entered the world war, the war understandably shifted to the Middle Eastern countries and seas, that came to be known as the Middle Eastern theatre. 1915 proved to be a tough fight for the Ottomans who were on the back foot as Russian forces continued their relentless march into the Empire into the Anatolia region, bypassing the ancient regions of Mesopotamia and Syria.
After math the WWI, it was all but about the Turkish War of Independence. Since Constantinople came under the control of the Turks, it further fuelled the Turkish Nationalist Freedom Movement. The war of independence continued for 3 long years and finally on 17th of November 1922 the last Sultanate was forced to leave the country. And the Caliphate removed on 3rd March 1924. Thus the region came to be what is known as Modern Turkey today and officially, the Sultan ceased to hold swathes of power in the republic.